|New Strategy Would Insure Everyone And Slow Spending Growth Through 2020
A comprehensive set of insurance, payment, and system
reforms could guarantee affordable health insurance coverage, improve
health outcomes, and slow the growth of health spending by $3 trillion
by the end of the next decade, according to a new report released by
the Commonwealth Fund Commission on a High Performance Health System.
The report, "The Path to a High Performance U.S. Health
System: A 2020 Vision and the Policies to Pave the Way," details the
commission’s recommendations for an integrated set of policies
and assesses the impacts of specific policy actions from 2010 to 2020,
compared to the status quo.
The report lays out strategic reforms that
simultaneously aim to improve access, enhance quality, and control
costs. Many of these reforms will be politically difficult but are
necessary to put the U.S. health system on a different path.
Ensuring coverage and improving quality, while also
achieving savings can be accomplished in large part because of payment
changes that reward efficiency and penalize waste. Although spending
slows as a result of reforms, it would still increase each year.
A central recommendation is to create a national
insurance exchange that would offer a choice of private plans and a new
public plan, coupled with insurance reforms that would make
coverageaffordable, ensure access and lower administrative costs.
Building on this foundation, the report recommends
policies that would change the way the nation pays for care, invest in
information systems to improve quality and safety and promote health.
The report’s analysis indicates that insurance
reforms would extend coverage to everyone within two years, with only 1
percent uninsured throughout the next decade. If combined with payment
and system reforms initiated in 2010, the integrated approach to reform
could slow the growth of national health spending by a cumulative $3
trillion by 2020.
Spending would still go up but at a slower rate. The
U.S. is expected to spend $42 trillion on healthcare over the next 11
years, with spending rising 6.7 percent per year. By rationalizing the
care system, including payment and information system reforms, the
commission’s strategic approach could substantially slow the
increase in spending, to 5.5 percent per year, and at the same time
provide coverage and access for all.
The cumulative savings would accrue to families,
business and the public sector. Analysis indicates savings would extend
across all income groups.
"To improve health and enhance our family and national
security, we need to invest in substantial reforms," said Commonwealth
Fund President Karen Davis. "With our economy in crisis, health costs
squeezing family budgets and coverage deteriorating, we can’t
afford to continue on our current path. The commission has laid out a
pragmatic strategy that could rapidly move us in more positive
directions — if we start now."
Without new national policies, the number of uninsured
is projected to increase to 61 million over the next decade, not
counting over 25 million more who are underinsured — poorly
protected by inadequate insurance if they become sick.
Despite this erosion in coverage, national health
spending is projected to double to $5.2 trillion by 2020, to consume 21
percent of national resources.
"Our healthcare system currently falls far short of what
we should expect, despite pockets of excellence. Too often incentives
reward more care, rather than better outcomes," said Dr. James J.
Mongan, chair of the commission and president and CEO of Partners
"The commission recognizes that progress will require
major changes – reforms won’t be easy. Yet, if we fail to
act the situation we face in the future will be much worse. We urge the
leadership and political will necessary to overcome resistance to
change and to proceed toward a high performance health system."
The commission has laid out five essential strategies
for reform, along with policy options to illustrate the potential gain.
The strategies include:
- Affordable coverage for all. Build on the
current public-private health insurance system by establishing a health
insurance exchange that offers an enhanced choice of private plans and
a new public plan. The public plan would offer comprehensive benefits
with incentives for disease prevention and payment methods that reward
results. Insurance market reforms and income-related premium assistance
would assure coverage was affordable and accessible.
- Align incentives with value and effective cost control.
Move away from the current fee-for-service payment system toward one
that emphasizes value rather than volume, enhances the value of primary
care, and holds providers accountable for quality and efficiency.
- Accountable, accessible, patient-centered and coordinated care.
Move from the current fragmented healthcare system toward a care system
in which everyone has a personal source of care that is accessible,
coordinates care when needed, and is accountable for obtaining the best
health results possible.
- Aim high to improve quality and health outcomes: infrastructure and public health.
Invest to accelerate the adoption and effective use of health
information technology and to provide information to support and inform
better healthcare decisions by patients and clinicians, with easy
access to high quality, useful information. Target public health
initiatives on prevention and efforts to improve outcomes for chronic
- Accountable leadership and collaboration to set and achieve national goals.
Establish new national policies that enable leadership and foster
collaboration among the public and private sectors to set and achieve
new goals and carry out reforms.
For families and employers, a national insurance
exchange offering private plans and a new nationwide public plan would
enhance choice. The public plan option — with premiums at least
20 percent lower than currently charged by private fee-for-service
plans for comparable benefits, especially in small group markets
— would challenge private insurers to innovate and reduce
administrative costs. The exchange and reforms could lower
administrative costs for all plans.
The commission notes the goal would be to achieve a
balance in which public and private plans compete with market rules
that stimulate innovation and outcomes in the public interest.
Address: The Commonwealth Fund, 1 East 75th Street, New York, NY 10021; (212) 606-3800, www.cmwf.org.